In gas turbine combustion the gas dynamic and chemical energy release mechanisms have comparable time scales, so that equilibrium chemistry is inadequate for predicting species formation (emissions). In current practice either equilibrium chemical reactions are coupled with experimentally derived empirical equations, or time-consuming computations are used. Coupling nonequilibrium chemistry, fluid dynamic, and initial and boundary condition equations results in large sets of numerically stiff equations; and their time integration demands enormous computational resources. The response modeling approach has been used successfully for large reaction sets. This paper makes two new contributions. First it shows how pre-integration of the heat release maps eliminates the stiffness of the equations. This is a new modification to the response mapping approach, and it performs satisfactorily for non-diffusion systems. Second the theoretical framework is further extended to predict species formation in cases with diffusion, which is applicable to gas turbine combustion systems and others. The methodology to implement this approach to reacting systems, and to gas turbine combustion, is presented. The benefits over other reaction-mapping techniques are discussed.
Pre-integrated Nonequilibrium Combustion-Response Mapping for Gas Turbine Emissions
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, New Orleans, LA, June 4–7, 2001; Paper 2001-GT-0386. Manuscript received by IGTI, December 2000, final revision, March 2001. Associate Editor: R. Natole.
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Korakianitis, T., Dyer , R., and Subramanian, N. (June 7, 2004). "Pre-integrated Nonequilibrium Combustion-Response Mapping for Gas Turbine Emissions ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 2004; 126(2): 300–305. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1688769
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