This paper describes the design and testing of a catalytically stabilized pilot burner for current and advanced Dry Low (DLN) gas turbine combustors. In this paper, application of the catalytic pilot technology to industrial engines is described using Solar Turbines’ Taurus 70 engine. The objective of the work described is to develop the catalytic pilot technology and document the emission benefits of catalytic pilot technology when compared to higher, producing pilots. The catalytic pilot was designed to replace the existing pilot in the existing DLN injector without major modification to the injector. During high-pressure testing, the catalytic pilot showed no incidence of flashback or autoignition while operating over wide range of combustion temperatures. The catalytic reactor lit off at a temperature of approximately 598 K (325°C/617°F) and operated at simulated 100% and 50% load conditions without a preburner. At high pressure, the maximum catalyst surface temperature was similar to that observed during atmospheric pressure testing and considerably lower than the surface temperature expected in lean-burn catalytic devices. In single-injector rig testing, the integrated assembly of the catalytic pilot and Taurus 70 injector demonstrated and CO emission less than 5 ppm @ 15% for 100% and 50% load conditions along with low acoustics. The results demonstrate that a catalytic pilot burner replacing a diffusion flame or partially premixed pilot in an otherwise DLN combustor can enable operation at conditions with substantially reduced emissions.
Advanced Catalytic Pilot for Low NOx Industrial Gas Turbines
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002; Paper No. 2002-GT-30083. Manuscript received by IGTI, December 2001, final revision, March 2002. Associate Editor: E. Benvenuti.
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Karim , H., Lyle, K., Etemad , S., Smith , L. L., Pfefferle, W. C., Dutta , P., and Smith, K. (November 18, 2003). "Advanced Catalytic Pilot for Low NOx Industrial Gas Turbines ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2003; 125(4): 879–884. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1586313
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