Extensive flow visualization in an automotive fuel filler pipe made visible by introducing dyes and smoke in water and air, respectively, were conducted for nominal flow rates of 4–18 liters per minute. Video and still cameras were used for imaging. Features of the flow such as laminar-to-turbulent transition, progressive development of strong swirl along filler pipe axis, air entrainment, and mixing with the liquid were observed in the experiments. The experimental observations were supported by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of the flow which also showed features such as swirl and air entrainment.
Features of Automotive Gas Tank Filler Pipe Two-Phase Flow: Experiments and Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations
Contributed by the Internal Combustion Engine Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received by the ICE Division, July 1999; final revision received the ASME Headquarters, June 2001. Associate Editor: D. N. Assanis.
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Banerjee , R., Isaac, K. M., Oliver , L., and Breig, W. (March 26, 2002). "Features of Automotive Gas Tank Filler Pipe Two-Phase Flow: Experiments and Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 2002; 124(2): 412–420. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1445439
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