The objective of this study is aluminide overlay coatings of MCrAlY sprayed by a vacuum plasma spraying (VPS) process for the protection against high-temperature corrosion and oxidation of gas turbine components. Diffusion coating processes have been applied for many years to improve similarly the environmental resistance by enriching the surface of nickel-based superalloys with chromium, aluminum, or silicon element. Recently, aluminizing of MCrAlY coatings is used for improving further the high-temperature oxidation resistance. However, the aluminizing properties of plasma-sprayed MCrAlY coatings, which have an important effect on the coating performance, have not been clarified. In this study, five kinds of plasma-sprayed MCrAlY (CoCrAlY, CoNiCrAlY, CoNiCrAlY+Ta, NiCrAlY, and NiCoCrAlY) coating were selected for pack-aluminizing tests. The as sprayed and the heat-treated (1393 K, 2 h, argon cooled and 1116 K, 24 h, argon cooled) MCrAlY specimens were pack-aluminized at 1173, 1223, and 1273 K for 5, 10, and 20 h, respectively. The experimental results showed that the aluminizing process formed the aluminum rich layers of NiAl or CoAl phase. It also indicated that the thickness of the aluminum rich layer showed a parabolic time-dependence in all MCrAlY coatings. The order of reaction diffusion rate was NiCoCrAlY=NiCrAlY>CoNiCrAlY>CoNiCrAlY+Ta>CoCrAlY. There was a tendency that the reaction diffusion rate by aluminizing increased with increasing nickel content in the MCrAlY coatings and the reaction diffusion rate of as sprayed MCrAlY coatings is faster than that of the heat-treated MCrAlY coatings.
Aluminizing Behaviors of Vacuum Plasma Sprayed MCrAlY Coatings
Contributed by the Materials, Manufacturing, and Metallurgy Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received by the MM&M Division, Dec. 2000; final revision received by the ASME Headquarters Feb. 2001. Editor: H. D. Nelson.
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Itoh , Y., Saitoh , M., and Ishiwata, Y. (March 26, 2002). "Aluminizing Behaviors of Vacuum Plasma Sprayed MCrAlY Coatings ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 2002; 124(2): 270–275. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1423914
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