This paper deals with the multicomponent nature of gas turbine fuels under high-pressure conditions. The study is motivated by the consideration that the droplet submodels that are currently employed in spray codes for predicting gas turbine combustor flows do not adequately incorporate the multicomponent fuel and high-pressure effects. The quasi-steady multicomponent droplet model has been employed to investigate conditions under which the vaporization behavior of a multicomponent fuel droplet can be represented by a surrogate pure fuel droplet. The physical system considered is that of a multicomponent fuel droplet undergoing quasi-steady vaporization in an environment characterized by its temperature, pressure, and composition. Using different vaporization models, such as infinite-diffusion and diffusion-limit models, the predicted vaporization history and other relevant properties of a bicomponent droplet are compared with those of a surrogate single-component fuel droplet over a range of parameters relevant to gas turbine combustors. Results indicate that for moderate and high-power operation, a suitably selected single-component (50 percent boiling point) fuel can be used to represent the vaporization behavior of a bicomponent fuel, provided one employs the diffusion-limit or effective-diffusivity model. Simulation of the bicomponent fuel by a surrogate fuel becomes increasingly better at higher pressures. In fact, the droplet vaporization behavior at higher pressures is observed to be more sensitive to droplet heating models rather than to liquid fuel composition. This can be attributed to increase in the droplet heatup time and reduction in the volatility differential between the constituent fuels at higher pressures. For ignition, lean blowout and idle operations, characterized by low pressure and temperature ambient, the multicomponent fuel evaporation cannot be simulated by a single-component fuel. The validity of a quasi-steady high-pressure droplet vaporization model has also been examined. The model includes the nonideal gas behavior, liquid-phase solubility of gases, and variable thermo-transport properties including their dependence on pressure. Predictions of the high-pressure droplet model show good agreement with the available experimental data over a wide range of pressures, implying that quasi-steady vaporization model can be used at pressures up to the fuel critical pressure.
Multicomponent and High-Pressure Effects on Droplet Vaporization
Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received by the C&F Division, October 2000; final revision, March 2001. Editor: S. R. Gollahalli.
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Aggarwal, S. K., and Mongia, H. C. (March 26, 2002). "Multicomponent and High-Pressure Effects on Droplet Vaporization ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 2002; 124(2): 248–255. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1423640
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