Advanced, nonintrusive, laser-based diagnostics are being developed for simultaneously measuring the size, velocity, temperature, and instantaneous regression rates of vaporizing/burning fuel droplets in polydisperse flow environments. The size and velocity of the droplets are measured using a conventional phase Doppler particle analyzer (PDPA), and the droplet temperatures are simultaneously measured with a rainbow thermometer. This integrated diagnostic has been applied to the study of fuel droplet heat-up characteristics in a swirl-stabilized kerosene spray flame. It has also been shown that a novel extension of rainbow thermometry can be used additionally to extract the instantaneous droplet vaporization rate. The feasibility of measuring the instantaneous regression rate has also been demonstrated using controlled experiments with a vaporizing/burning stream of ethanol droplets.

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