To mitigate the environmental impact of next-generation gas turbine combustors, the emission performance at each condition throughout the load duty cycle must be optimized. Achieving this with a single combustor geometry may not be possible. Rather, the mixing processes and airflow splits must likely be modified as a function of load in order to (1) abate the emission of oxides of nitrogen, (2) maintain combustion efficiency, and (3) preclude lean blow-out over the entire duty cycle. The present study employs a model combustor to evaluate combustor performance as a function of load and explore the application of variable geometry to optimize performance at each condition. A parametric variation of flow splits is conducted at each load condition by independently adjusting the primary jet area and swirler choke area. The resultant impact on combustor performance is measured and quantified in terms of a cost function. The cost function is defined to increase with improving combustor performance (e.g., improving combustion efficiency and/or declining NOx emissions). Cycle operating conditions are found to alter the response mappings of efficiency and NOx. As a result, the optimal configuration of the combustor changes as the load is varied over the duty cycle. The results provide guidance on the application of active control.
Effects of Cycle Operating Conditions on Combustor Performance
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Davis, N. T., McDonell, V. G., and Samuelsen, G. S. (January 1, 1997). "Effects of Cycle Operating Conditions on Combustor Performance." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. January 1997; 119(1): 45–49. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2815560
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