Nondestructive characterization (NDC) methods, which can provide full-field information about components prior to and during use, are critical to the reliable application of continuous fiber ceramic matrix composites in high-firing-temperature (>1350°C) gas turbines. [For combustor liners, although they are nonmechanical load-bearing components, both thermal characteristics and mechanical integrity are vitally important.] NDC methods being developed to provide necessary information include x-ray computed tomography (mainly for through-wall density and delamination detection), infrared-based thermal diffusivity imaging, and single-wall through-transmission x-ray imaging (mainly for fiber content and alignment detection). Correlation of the data obtained from NDC methods with subscale combustor liner tests have shown positive results at thermal cycling temperatures from 700°C to 1177°C.
Nondestructive Characterization of Ceramic Composites Used as Combustor Liners in Advanced Gas Turbines
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Ellingson, W. A., Rothermel, S. A., and Simpson, J. F. (July 1, 1996). "Nondestructive Characterization of Ceramic Composites Used as Combustor Liners in Advanced Gas Turbines." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. July 1996; 118(3): 486–490. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2816672
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