Under the sponsorship of the Canadian Department of National Defence, the Engine Laboratory of the National Research Council of Canada (NRCC) has established a program for the evaluation of component deterioration on gas turbine engine performance. The effect is aimed at investigating the effects of typical in-service faults on the performance characteristics of each individual engine component. The objective of the program is the development of a generalized fault library, which will be used with fault identification techniques in the field, to reduce unscheduled maintenance. To evaluate the effects of implanted faults on the performance of a single spool engine, such as an Allison T56 turboprop engine, a series of faulted parts were installed. For this paper the following faults were analyzed: (a) first-stage turbine nozzle erosion damage; (b) first-stage turbine rotor blade untwist; (c) compressor seal wear; (d) first and second-stage compressor blade tip clearance increase. This paper describes the project objectives, the experimental installation, and the results of the fault implantation on engine performance. Discussed are performance variations on both engine and component characteristics. As the performance changes were significant, a rigorous measurement uncertainty analysis is included.

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