The role of the primary jets in the aerothermal behavior and overall performance of a gas turbine combustor is explored through an experimental study. The study is performed in a model laboratory combustor that possesses the essential features of practical combustors. The test bed is designed to accommodate optical access for laser diagnostics and overall flow visualization, and is capable of incorporating variable inlet geometries. In the present case, the combustor is operated on JP-4 at atmospheric pressure. A parametric variation in the number of jets per row and axial location of the jet row is performed. The aerodynamic and thermal fields are characterized using laser anemometry and a thermocouple probe, respectively. Species concentrations are acquired via extractive probe sampling. The results demonstrate the importance of primary jet location with respect to the dome swirler. The percent mass recirculated into the dome region, as well as the overall uniformity of mixing and combustion efficiency, are substantially influenced by jet row location. The momentum ratio of the incoming primary jet stream to that of the approaching crossflow of reacting dome gases has a direct impact on the mixing patterns as well. An increase in the number of primary jets leads, in the present case, to more uniform mixing.

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