The combustion of 50 wt percent coal slurries, using water, diesel fuel, and methanol as carrier liquids, was investigated in a single-cylinder research engine. High temperatures were achieved in the engine cylinder using low-heat-rejection engine technology, electrically heated glow plugs, and heated inlet air. Comparisons of the fuels and different methods of providing high cylinder temperature were made using cylinder pressure data and heat release calculations. Autoignition of the coal/water slurries was attained using auxiliary heat input. The burning rates of all the autoignited slurries were significantly enhanced by using a pilot injection of diesel fuel. Under some operating conditions the engine thermal efficiency was equal to diesel fuel performance. It was apparent that engines designed for coal slurry should maximize the prechamber volume.

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