Through-flow analysis, which is at the heart of the aerodynamic design of turbomachinery, requires as aerodynamic input a row-by-row description of the airfoil loss, deviation, and blockage. Loss and deviation have been investigated extensively in both cascades and rotating rigs as well as in numerous two- and three-dimensional analytical studies. Blockage, however, has received far less attention. As defined herein, blockage is a measure of the departure of the flow field from the condition of axisymmetry which is assumed in the through-flow analysis. The full-span blockage distributions calculated from measured single-stage rotor wake data were used to provide the input to the through-flow analysis, along with the measured full-span distributions of loss and deviation. Measured and computed results are compared for the single-stage rotor operating with both thick and thin inlet hub and tip boundary layers. It is demonstrated that both the level and the spanwise and streamwise distributions of blockage have a strong impact on the computed rotor exit flow field.

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