Heat transfer and boundary layer measurements were derived from flows over a cooled flat plate with various free-stream turbulence intensities (Tu = 1.6–11 percent), favorable pressure gradients (k = νe/ue2•due/dx = 0÷6•10−6) and cooling intensities (Tw/Te = 1.0–0.53). Special interest is directed towards the effects of the dominant parameters, including the influence on laminar to turbulent boundary layer transition. It is shown, that free-stream turbulence and pressure gradients are of primary importance. The increase of heat transfer due to wall cooling can be explained primarily by property variations as transition, and the influence of free-stream parameters are not affected.

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