Factors relevant to the utilization of nonanhydrous ethanol as a blending component with gasoline for use in current on-the-road spark ignition engines are investigated. Miscibility limits are determined and key physical properties important for proper engine operation are measured. Dynamometer tests on an unmodified production engine with hydrated ethanol-gasoline blends containing varying percentages of water show potential for increased thermal efficiency and reduced oxides of nitrogen emissions.

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