It is already well known that alcohols can be burned in open-cycle gas turbines by direct firing in the combustor. This paper demonstrates however, that there are significant improvements in thermal efficiency possible by modifying the manner in which alcohols are used in Brayton cycle engines. It is shown that injection of the alcohol during the compression process can materially improve both thermal efficiency and specific work because of the intercooling effect of evaporation. Calculations are given which demonstrate the improvement theoretically possible at representative values of peak turbine inlet temperature. It is also shown that the optimum pressure ratio for both regenerated and unregenerated cycles is different when such compressor evaporative intercooling is used rather than simply injecting the fuel into the combustor.

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