Blade tip losses represent a major efficiency penalty in a turbine rotor. These losses are presently controlled by maintaining close tolerances on tip clearances. This two-part paper outlines a new methodology for predicting and minimizing tip flows, and focuses on the control of tip leakage through minimization of the discharge coefficient to control the normal leakage flow component. Minimization of the discharge coefficient was achieved through viscous analysis and was supported by discharge-rig testing. The analysis for the discharge cross-flow used a stream function-vorticity formulation. Support testing was conducted with a newly developed water table discharge rig in which tip-coolant discharge could also be simulated. Experimental and numerical tip-leakage results are presented on a discharge coefficient parameter for five different tip configurations. In addition, numerical studies were conducted for stationary and rotating blades with and without tip coolant injection.

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