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Keywords: ethanol
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Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Article
J. Forensic Sci.. May 2005, 50(3): 1–3.
Published Online: May 1, 2005
...CI Wilson, MD; SS Ignacio, MD; GA Wilson, BS Forensic pathologists are very familiar with deaths due to ethanol intoxication. The overwhelming majority of these deaths are a result of the oral ingestion of ethanol. We report an unusual case of an individual who expired in his secured residence...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. January 2005, 50(1): JFS2004109–5.
Published Online: January 1, 2005
...SM Petković, M.D. M.Sc.; MA Simić, M.D. Ph.D.; DN Vujić, B.S. The aim of this study was to follow the postmortem ethanol production phenomenon under controlled experimental conditions (temperature, time interval) in different tissues. Specimens of blood, liver, skeletal muscle and kidney were taken...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Technical Notes
J. Forensic Sci.. September 2004, 49(5): JFS2003101–4.
Published Online: September 1, 2004
... was to evaluate ethanol specificity of this instrument in the presence of other solvents. Effects of eight possible interfering compounds on ethanol analysis were determined in a procedure simulating a human breathing. Most of the compounds studied had either a negligible effect on ethanol analysis (acetone...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. November 2003, 48(6): 1–6.
Published Online: November 1, 2003
...P Holmgren, B.Sc.; AW Jones, Ph.D., D.Sc. Both ethanol and diazepam are classified as depressants of the central nervous system and exert their effects via the GABAA receptor complex. We report the coexistence and concentrations of ethanol, diazepam, and its primary metabolite nordiazepam in a case...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. May 2003, 48(3): 1–3.
Published Online: May 1, 2003
...IM McIntyre, PhD; CE Hamm, BA; JL Sherrard, BS; RD Gary, BS; AC Riley, BA; JR Lucas, MD Toxicological investigations were performed on an intracerebral hematoma, antemortem blood, and postmortem blood of an individual who was found unresponsive in his home. The hematoma was found to have ethanol...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Technical Notes
J. Forensic Sci.. May 1999, 44(3): 592–596.
Published Online: May 1, 1999
...DM Kupfer, M.S.; AK Chaturvedi, Ph.D.; DV Canfield, Ph.D.; BA Roe, Ph.D. Investigation of postmortem blood can reveal the presence of significant ethanol levels. However, in some instances it cannot easily be determined if the source of ethanol is from ingestion or from postmortem endogenous...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Technical Notes
J. Forensic Sci.. July 1997, 42(4): 690–692.
Published Online: July 1, 1997
...GD Amick, Ph.D.; KH Habben, DFTCB Production of ethanol in antemortem blood samples inoculated with an efficient ethanol-producing microorganism and incubated at various temperatures is discussed. Whole blood samples inoculated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae were incubated in gray stoppered Venoject...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. November 1995, 40(6): 990–993.
Published Online: November 1, 1995
... procedures may be compromised if an individual's urine contains sugar, and either bacteria or yeast. Under these conditions, ethanol can be produced in vitro, producing a result that may be erroneously indicative of DUI. In this study three yeast species and six bacterial species were added to a blank urine...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. September 1995, 40(5): 808–810.
Published Online: September 1, 1995
...B Levine; D Green; JE Smialek The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ethanol in deaths due to heroin intoxication. Over a 12 month period, all cases investigated by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, State of Maryland where a blood screen by Roche Abuscreen radioimmunoassay...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. July 1995, 40(4): 611–613.
Published Online: July 1, 1995
...AJ Jenkins; BS Levine; JE Smialek The analysis of multiple specimens for ethanol has become a necessary and accepted practice in postmortem forensic toxicology. The correlation between blood and various body fluids has been well documented. However, there is little data on the distribution...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. May 1995, 40(3): 387–390.
Published Online: May 1, 1995
..., benzoylecgonine (BE), opiates and ethanol in all homicide victims who were injured and who survived two hours or less after injury in 1990 and 1991 in New York City. There were 2824 homicides in the study period and cocaine and/or BE were found in 884 (31.3%) of cases. In over half of the cases positive...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. July 1994, 39(4): 1084–1093.
Published Online: July 1, 1994
...AW Jones, Ph.D., D.Sc.; KÅ Jönsson, M.D., Ph.D. In a two-part crossover study, ten healthy men drank a moderate dose of ethanol (0.80 g/kg) in the morning after an overnight fast or immediately after breakfast. The breakfast consisted of orange juice (150 mL), fruit yogurt (250 mL), two cheese...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. July 1994, 39(4): 1107–1111.
Published Online: July 1, 1994
...BK Logan, Ph.D., DABFT; RG Gullberg, M.D.A.; JK Elenbaas The presence of interfering substances, particularly acetone, has historically been a concern in the forensic measurement of ethanol in human breath. Although modern infrared instruments employ methods for distinguishing between ethanol...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. May 1994, 39(3): 668–673.
Published Online: May 1, 1994
... blunt trauma in 88% of the cases. In one case, the sole injury was decapitation. A tissue or blood ethanol level greater than 99 mg/dL was detected in 80% of the cases. A total of 60% of the cases involved persons likely to have been sitting or lying across the railroad tracks; all but one...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. January 1994, 39(1): 261–265.
Published Online: January 1, 1994
...PI Laferty, B.S. Ethyl chloride, in a blood sample, was identified as ethanol on three out of six occasions using headspace gas chromatography. The peak matching tolerance (PMT) for ethanol was set at approximately 0.500 min ±0.0225 min. Three test results fell within the PMT for ethanol...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Technical Notes
J. Forensic Sci.. January 1994, 39(1): 207–214.
Published Online: January 1, 1994
...PH Dickson, M.S.; A Lind, M.D.; P Studts, M.T.; HC Nipper, Ph.D.; M Makoid, Ph.D.; D Therkildsen, M.D. Drug screening of breast milk in a clinical toxicology laboratory is reported. Findings from three cases include cocaine, ethylbenzoylecgonine (cocaethylene), ethanol, oxycodone, codeine...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. November 1993, 38(6): 1266–1274.
Published Online: November 1, 1993
...MGF Gilliland, M.D.; RO Bost, Ph.D. Blood alcohol (ethanol) concentrations in decomposed bodies can mean drinking during life and/or endogenous production after death. The correct interpretation is important in medicolegal cases. This retrospective study of 286 autopsied medical examiner cases...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Technical Notes
J. Forensic Sci.. November 1993, 38(6): 1467–1471.
Published Online: November 1, 1993
...JJ Saady, Ph.D.; A Poklis, Ph.D.; HP Dalton, Ph.D. As the interest in urine drug testing grows, ethanol is frequently included in drug-abuse screening. Collection of urine for drug testing is less invasive than blood collection and is used to screen employees in a large cross-section of occupations...