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Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. May 2005, 50(3): 1–8.
Published Online: May 1, 2005
...MP Hlastala, PhD; NL Polissar, PhD; S Oberman, JD Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs) are used as qualitative indicators of impairment by alcohol in individuals suspected of DUI. Stuster and Burns authored a report on this testing and presented the SFSTs as being 91% accurate in predicting...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. March 2005, 50(2): JFS2004287–5.
Published Online: March 1, 2005
...AKJ Tardiff, M.D.M.P.H.; Z Wallace; M Tracy; TM Piper, M.P.H.; D Vlahov, Ph.D.; S Galea, M.D.Dr.P.H. In this population-level study, we analyzed how well changes in drug and alcohol use among homicide victims explained declining homicide rates in New York City between 1990 and 1998. Victim...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. July 2004, 49(4): 1–6.
Published Online: July 1, 2004
... and other psychoactive substances (psychotropic drugs, alcohol, opiates) were detected in the corpses. The postmortem citalopram levels in relation to the manner and mechanism of death were evaluated, and a significant difference between the toxic and nontoxic cases ( p < 0.01) was found. We studied...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. November 2003, 48(6): 1–6.
Published Online: November 1, 2003
... (0.10 μg/g), nordiazepam (ND) 0.24 μg/g (0.20 μg/g), sum (D + ND) 0.43 μg/g (0.30 μg/g), and the ratio D/ND was 1.19 (1.0). When cause of death was attributed to alcohol and/or drug intoxication ( N = 50), the mean and median blood-ethanol concentration was higher, being 0.36 g/100 mL and 0.38 g/100 mL...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. July 2003, 48(4): 1–6.
Published Online: July 1, 2003
...AW Jones, PhD; P Holmgren, BSc Ethanol concentrations were measured in femoral venous blood in deaths attributed to acute alcohol poisoning (N = 693) or chronic alcoholism (N = 825), according to the forensic pathology report. Among acute alcohol poisonings were 529 men (76%) with mean age 53 years...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. September 2001, 46(5): 1124–1125.
Published Online: September 1, 2001
... of handcuff application and, possibly, the existence of somnolence or acute alcohol intoxication could be predisposing factors to handcuff neuropathy. A prospective study of clinical and electrophysiological detection and follow up is needed. 19 07 2000 17 10 2000 23 10 2000 forensic...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. January 2001, 46(1): 68–73.
Published Online: January 1, 2001
... science intoxication simulation speech actors substance abuse alcohol driving under the influence References Hollien   H , DeJong   G , Martin   C A . Production of intoxication states by actors: Perception by lay listeners . J Forensic Sci 1998 ; 43 : 1163 - 72...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. January 2000, 45(1): 3–6.
Published Online: January 1, 2000
...B Levine, Ph.D.; JE Smialek, M.D. One issue which constantly confronts the forensic toxicologist in drinking driver cases is the relationship between the breath or blood alcohol concentration (AC) of the driver at the time of an event such as a traffic stop or an accident and the AC measured...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Technical Notes
J. Forensic Sci.. November 1999, 44(6): 1292–1295.
Published Online: November 1, 1999
...BK Logan, Ph.D.; GA Case, B.S.; S Distefano, B.S. Beer consumption is commonly an issue in a medico-legal setting, requiring estimates either of a likely blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for a given pattern of consumption or vice versa. Four hundred and four beers and malt beverages available...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. July 1999, 44(4): 814–818.
Published Online: July 1, 1999
...S Kechagias, M.D.; K-Å Jönsson, M.D., Ph.D.; T Franzén, M.D.; L Andersson, B.S.; AW Jones, Ph.D., D.Sc. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is widespread in the population among all age groups and in both sexes. The reliability of breath alcohol analysis in subjects suffering from GERD...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. November 1998, 43(6): 1153–1162.
Published Online: November 1, 1998
... appear to impact a number of situations; one of special importance would be the detection of intoxication in motorists. KEYWORDS: forensic science, alcohol, simulation, effort, speech, actors, substance abuse, intoxication, driving under the influence Determination of the presence and (especially...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. November 1997, 42(6): 1088–1094.
Published Online: November 1, 1997
... at 17 exactly timed intervals. Blood-ethanol was determined by headspace gas chromatography and breath-ethanol was measured with a quantitative infrared analyzer (DataMaster). BrAC was multiplied by 2300 to estimate the concentrations of alcohol in blood. During the infusion of ethanol, ABAC exceeded...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. May 1997, 42(3): 411–416.
Published Online: May 1, 1997
...MD Stinson, B.S. The purposes of this article are to report experimental findings and to validate prior selected studies that examined handwriting comparisons and alcohol consumption. Subjects who participated in this experiment were given handwriting testing forms which were completed at assigned...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. November 1996, 41(6): 916–921.
Published Online: November 1, 1996
...AW Jones, Ph.D., D.Sc.; L Andersson, B.S. The ratio of blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) to breath-alcohol concentration (BrAC) was determined for 799 individuals apprehended for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) in Sweden. The BrAC was determined with an infrared analyzer (Intoxilyzer...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Technical Notes
J. Forensic Sci.. May 1996, 41(3): 505–510.
Published Online: May 1, 1996
...BK Logan, Ph.D. DABFT; EW Schwilke Blood and/or urine from fatally injured drivers in Washington State were collected and tested for the presence of drugs and alcohol. Drug and/or alcohol use was a factor in 52% of all fatalities. Among single vehicle accidents, alcohol use was a factor in 61...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. January 1995, 40(1): 95–98.
Published Online: January 1, 1995
... been synthesized postmortem, or generated in vitro, from ethanol excreted in urine as a result of drinking. KEYWORDS: toxicology, forensic science, postmortem, alcohol, urine, 5-hydroxytryptophol,5-hydroxyindoleaceticacid, serotonin, Candida albicans The presence of ethanol in body fluids forms...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. September 1994, 39(5): 1161–1167.
Published Online: September 1, 1994
... 03 1994 pathology and biology snowmobile ice safety alcohol References Rowe , B. , Milner , R. , Johnson , C. , and Bota , G. , “ Snowmobile-Related Deaths in Ontario: A 5-year Review ,” Canadian Medical Association Journal   0008-4409 , Vol. 146 , No. 2...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. July 1994, 39(4): 1084–1093.
Published Online: July 1, 1994
... sandwiches, one boiled egg, and one cup of coffee with milk and sugar. Ethanol was determined in venous blood at various times after the start of drinking by headspace gas chromatography. All subjects felt less intoxicated when alcohol was ingested after breakfast compared with drinking on an empty stomach...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Technical Notes
J. Forensic Sci.. January 1994, 39(1): 194–206.
Published Online: January 1, 1994
... Chromatography/Ion Trap Detection to confirm the presence of an alcohol or acetone with mass spectra. TECHNICAL NOTE Joi L. Phelps, 1 M.S.; Carl E. Chasteen, ~B.S.; and Michelle M. Render, 1B.S. Extraction and Analysis of Low Molecular Weight Alcohols and Acetone From Fire Debris Using Passive Headspace...
Journal Articles
Publisher: ASTM International
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Forensic Sci.. November 1993, 38(6): 1513–1515.
Published Online: November 1, 1993
...LJ Caughlin, B.S.; RL O'Halloran, M.D. Cocaethylene is often found in body fluids after concurrent use of alcohol and cocaine. Current research is showing that cocaethylene is more toxic than cocaine. The case presented here involves a death that is due to cocaine, cocaethylene, and caffeine...