Abstract

The inducers increase the pressure available at the inlet of the impellers of centrifugal pumps. This technological solution may induce instabilities, such as pre-rotating flow at partial flow rates. The scientific literature offers studies on the cavitation in the inducers, as well as on the associated instabilities. However, studies describing devices that improve the behavior in these unstable regimes are rare. This is particularly true for fluids like aviation fuels or liquids with dissolved gases. In the present work we expose, an experimental study for two axial inducers carried out at low flow rates in cavitating and non-cavitating regimes in a closed loop equipped with a transparent test pipe. The working liquid is water with and without dissolved CO2. We employ a camera and a high-speed camera to take the photographs of the dynamics of the cavitation structures. The experimental campaign provided results of head breakdown comparison. The added dissolved CO2 gas at a concentration of 300 mg/L does not change the overall inducers' performance in non-cavitating regime. The paper presents also the impact of some of inducers' geometrical parameters on their cavitating performance. The authors observed pre-rotating flow instability, which they tried to decrease by incorporating a grooved ring into the inlet side of the inducers. It is found that pre-rotating structures are much less developed in the upstream when a grooved ring is employed.

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