Abstract

A highly cambered and loaded stationary fan blade cascade of an in-service centrifugal fan is analyzed in this research work at flow conditions corresponding to design point operation of subject fan. The configuration of enclosed blade cascade includes upstream and downstream ducts. A preliminary analysis of flow variables and nearfield acoustic spectra is carried out experimentally which then provided boundary conditions and validation data for an extensive numerical analysis using Embedded Large Eddy Simulation turbulence model in ANSYS Fluent 19.0 ® environment. The comprehensive analysis of flow field and nearfield aeroacoustics of blade array configuration reveals vortex shedding from blade leading edge and its interaction with pressure side surface of adjacent blade becomes one of major source in the aeroacoustics signature of blade array. The vortex shedding frequency and the frequency of upstream turbulence interaction with blade leading edge are identified. A novel method of placing rectangular cavity on pressure side of blade array to suppress the impact of impingement of leading-edge vortex via cavity acoustic wave is explored. The numerical results reveal a reduction in noise by 6dB encouraging the efficacy of this method as a passive technique to reduce aeroacoustics signature of researched blade array configuration.

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