Abstract

In this study, air-water flow in a downward sloping pipe subsequent to the entrapping of an air pocket is investigated both numerically and experimentally. A transient, two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model is applied to study the different possible flow regimes and their associated phenomena. The numerical model is based on the Reynolds averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations and the Volume of Fluid (VOF) method. Both numerical and experimental investigations provide visualization for the hydraulic jump, the blowback regime, and the full gas transport regime. The numerical results predict that the flow structure in the pipe downstream the toe of the hydraulic jump is subdivided into three distinct regions including the jet layer, the shear zone and the circulation region, which agrees qualitatively with the previous investigations of the hydraulic jump characteristics in open channel flow. Numerical results are in reasonable agreement with the experimental measurements of the circulation length and the hydraulic jump head loss.

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