The Navier-Stokes equations and the equation of continuity describing the flow in the flat-faced nozzle-flapper valve are numerically solved by the iterative relaxation method and the effect of the flow contraction (vena contracta) occurring in the radial gap in the valve is investigated. Furthermore, an approximate formula for the flow force acting on the flapper is derived on the basis of the numerical solutions. The formula for the flow force is in good agreement with experimental results.

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