An experimental and theoretical investigation is presented which describes the character of the mean motion and the structure of turbulence for the separation, reattachment, and redevelopment of the incompressible turbulent shear flow downstream of a single step-type roughness element. For the redeveloping turbulent boundary layer downstream of reattachment, it is shown that the mean velocity profiles constitute a one-parameter family and that as far as the shape parameters are concerned, this one-parameter family is essentially the same as for a boundary layer developing toward separation. This similarity between developing (toward separation) and redeveloping (after reattachment) turbulent shear layers is utilized to establish an integral method for calculating the redeveloping turbulent boundary layer at essentially zero pressure gradient.

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