The conditions for the equilibrium of two vortexes in a two-dimensional flow through a duct or diffuser are derived. Potential-flow considerations and a few basic results from viscous-flow theory are used for the discussion of the role of cusps as separation control and trapping devices for standing vortexes. The investigations are applied to cusp diffusers especially with regard to the wind tunnel of the James Forrestal Research Center of Princeton University.

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