This paper describes the new adjustable blade, single-speed, vertical, single-runner reversible pump-turbine units recently developed and placed into service at Ontario Hydro’s forebay storage pumping-generating station at the S.A.B. Power Project on the Niagara River.
The units operate under unusual variations in head. In the pumping sequence the limits are 59 and 90 ft and in the turbine cycle from 45 to 85 ft. Tailwater depression is not required on start-up. Change-over from turbine to pumping sequence is accomplished in a matter of minutes and occurs several times each day. Data are given on the performance requirements for capacity and efficiency versus hydraulic operating conditions of head, tail water, and forebay reservoir levels. Information in the paper includes unusual features of mechanical design.