Abstract

The discrepancy in the aerodynamic property and flowfield of a symmetric airfoil produced by the stationary and moving ground effect was quantified through surface pressure and particle-image-velocimetry measurements. The results show that the stationary ground effect produced a higher lift than the moving ground due to the flow passage restriction caused by the longitudinal boundary layer developed on its ground surface. In close ground proximity, the formation of a ground vortex beneath the airfoil's leading-edge region speeded up the flow, leading to a lower lift than its moving-ground counterpart. For the moving ground, the ground vortex was absent. In close ground proximity, the moving ground effect generated a larger wake and drag than the stationary ground effect.

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