Abstract

Control valves, nozzles, and other mechanical flow constricting constructions often introduce highly turbulent flow downstream of vena contracta. When solid particles are present in the fluid stream erosion can occur due to the high fluid velocity and turbulence, both in the converging and diverging section of a constriction. This paper presents an experimental study of such flow structure in a converging–diverging valve geometry. The purpose of the study is to obtain velocity profiles downstream of vena contracta by the use of particle image velocimetry measurements. Profiles and flow structure, with and without introduced swirl component, is investigated and discussed with respect to erosion in such specific geometries.

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