A series of experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of the inclination angle of the cylinders on the wake flow characteristics for flow past two and three side-by-side inclined cylinders using the particle image velocimetry (PIV). Depending on the inclination angles, purely deflected gap flow, no-deflection gap flow, and flip-flop gap flow patterns are identified for both two and three cylinder cases. In both two and three cylinder cases, the flows through the gaps are found to be in purely deflected flow pattern at small inclination angles and flip-flop pattern at large inclination angles. For the three-cylinder case with flip-flop gap flow pattern, gap flows are predominantly in the outward deflection pattern (toward the two side cylinders) and are occasionally deflected inward (toward the middle cylinder). The gap flow deflection angles for all the tested inclination angles of the cylinders are quantified through statistical analysis, in addition to identifying the flow patterns. The deflection angle is found to decrease with increasing inclination angle for both two- and three-cylinder cases, and the outward deflection angle for the three cylinder cases is greater than the deflection angle of the two-cylinder case. The probability density distributions of the deflection angles approximately follow normal distribution. In the two-cylinder case, the mean flow field is asymmetrical about the x-axis when the possibility of the flow deflection toward one side of the gap is greater than that toward the other side.

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# Experimental Investigation on Flow Past Two and Three Side-by-Side Inclined Cylinders

Yangyang Gao

,
Yangyang Gao

1

Corresponding author.
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Cai Liu

,
Cai Liu

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Ming Zhao

,
Ming Zhao

School of Computing,

Engineering and Mathematics,

University of Western Sydney,

Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia

e-mail: M.Zhao@westernsydney.edu.au

Engineering and Mathematics,

University of Western Sydney,

Locked Bag 1797

,Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia

e-mail: M.Zhao@westernsydney.edu.au

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Lizhong Wang

,
Lizhong Wang

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Ronghua Zhu

Ronghua Zhu

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Yangyang Gao

Cai Liu

Ming Zhao

Engineering and Mathematics,

University of Western Sydney,

Locked Bag 1797

,Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia

e-mail: M.Zhao@westernsydney.edu.au

Lizhong Wang

Ronghua Zhu

1

Corresponding author.
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received September 28, 2018; final manuscript received May 30, 2019; published online August 1, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Jun Chen.

*J. Fluids Eng*. Jan 2020, 142(1): 011201 (16 pages)

**Published Online:**August 1, 2019

Article history

Received:

September 28, 2018

Revised:

May 30, 2019

Citation

Gao, Y., Liu, C., Zhao, M., Wang, L., and Zhu, R. (August 1, 2019). "Experimental Investigation on Flow Past Two and Three Side-by-Side Inclined Cylinders." ASME. *J. Fluids Eng*. January 2020; 142(1): 011201. doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4044233

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J. Fluids Eng (January 2020)

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