The present paper introduces a novel transient experimental method employed to determine the discharge coefficient of constant section nozzles of small diameters of 1–3 mm and with a length/diameter ratio of around one. Flow is considered to be real and compressible; the discharge process was analyzed at relatively high pressures, the fluid used was N2. Based on the experimental data, a generalized expression characterizing the discharge coefficient for nozzles of different diameters, lengths, and fluid conditions was developed. In order to check the precision of the analytical equation presented, experimental upstream reservoir pressure decay was compared with the temporal pressure decay obtained using the new analytical equation. Good correlation was achieved for pressure differentials up to 7.6 MPa. Despite the fact that the procedure established can be extended to other gases and nozzle configurations, so far the equation presented to estimate the discharge coefficient, can only be applied to orifices with length to diameter ratios of around one.
A Novel Method to Determine the Discharge Coefficient of Constant Section Nozzles Under Compressible Dynamic Flow Conditions
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received April 27, 2018; final manuscript received December 17, 2018; published online January 30, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Devesh Ranjan.
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Comas, A., Rio-Cano, C., and Bergada, J. M. (January 30, 2019). "A Novel Method to Determine the Discharge Coefficient of Constant Section Nozzles Under Compressible Dynamic Flow Conditions." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. July 2019; 141(7): 071108. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042374
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