This paper deals with the dynamic stability of a flexible liquid-filled rotor. On the basis of three-dimensional flow, the fluid perturbation motion is analyzed and the fluid–structure interaction equation is established, combining with continuity equation, the expression of fluid force exerted on rotor is derived in terms of Fourier series expansion. Considering the complex nonlinear relationship between fluid dynamic pressure and the rotor deformation function, they are expanded in terms of the eigenfunction of a dry rotor. The whirling frequency equation of a flexible rotor partially filled with liquid is obtained based on the rotor static equilibrium equation. Finally, the numerical technique is used to analyze the dynamic stability of the rotor system, and the influences of system parameters on unstable region are discussed.

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