Efficient actuation of liquid slugs in microfluidic circuits is a matter of interest in droplet-based microfluidic (DMF) applications. In this paper, the electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD) actuation of a liquid slug fully confined in a microchannel is studied. A set of experiments are conducted in which the mean transport velocity of a liquid slug enclosed in a microchannel of rectangular cross section and actuated by EWOD method is measured. A printed circuit board-based (PCB-based) microfluidic chip is used as the platform, and the transport velocity of the slug is measured by processing the images recorded by a high-speed camera while the slug moves in the channel. To investigate the effect of microchannel geometry on the mean transport velocity of the slugs, different channel heights and widths (ranging between and 1–2 mm, respectively) as well as different liquid volumes (ranging between ) are tested and slug velocities up to 14.9 mm/s are achieved. A theoretical model is also developed to analyze the effect of involved parameters on the transport velocity. The results show that, within the range of design parameters considered in this study, for a constant slug volume and channel width, increasing the channel height enhances the velocity. Moreover, keeping the slug volume and channel height fixed, the transport velocity is increased by enlarging the channel width. An inverse proportionality between the slug length and velocity is also observed. These results are also shown to agree with the theoretical model developed.
Investigation of the Effect of Geometric Parameters on EWOD Actuation in Rectangular Microchannels
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received November 2, 2017; final manuscript received February 20, 2018; published online April 19, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Daniel Maynes.
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Pooyan, S., and Passandideh-Fard, M. (April 19, 2018). "Investigation of the Effect of Geometric Parameters on EWOD Actuation in Rectangular Microchannels." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. September 2018; 140(9): 091104. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039512
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