Long time field tests of a 200 MW prototype Francis turbine over its full range of operation were conducted. From the experimental data, the time domain and frequency domain characteristics of the pressure fluctuations in the Francis turbine at different operation conditions were analyzed. Furthermore, the reason for the amplitude increase of pressure fluctuations and the correlation between the vibration and the pressure fluctuation was studied by using a multidimensional frequency band energy ratio analysis method. Based on the above analysis, some hydraulic stability characteristics of the large prototype Francis turbine are found, and other results are also obtained.

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