In this paper, a three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology to improve the performance of hydraulic components will be shown, highlighting the importance that a study in the fluid mechanics field has for their optimization. As known, the valve internal geometry influences proportional spool valve hydraulic performance, axial flow forces, and spin effects on the spool. Axial flow forces and spin effects interact directly with the position control performance of a direct actuating closed-loop control valve, reducing its capability. The goal of this activity is the study of the torque on the spool induced by the flow and using a CFD 3D methodology to identify causes of this phenomenon and to find a general mathematical solution to minimize the spool spin effect. The baseline configuration and the new ones of the proportional four-way three-position closed-loop control spool valve have been studied with a mathematical model. The models were also validated by the experimental data performed in the Hydraulic Lab of the University of Naples. In particular, the tests allowed to measure the torque on the spool varying the oil flow rate, using a dedicated test bench layout where the spool was directly connected to a torque meter. Several geometries have been analyzed to find the best one to minimize spool spin behavior while maintaining an acceptable pressure drop. The study results confirmed the significant improvement of overall component performance.
A Mathematical Model to Analyze the Torque Caused by Fluid–Solid Interaction on a Hydraulic Valve
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received April 14, 2015; final manuscript received October 26, 2015; published online February 17, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Shizhi Qian.
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Frosina, E., Senatore, A., Buono, D., and Stelson, K. A. (February 17, 2016). "A Mathematical Model to Analyze the Torque Caused by Fluid–Solid Interaction on a Hydraulic Valve." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. June 2016; 138(6): 061103. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4032295
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