An existing computer code for solving the quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) flow equations governing unsteady compressible flow in tubes with smoothly varying cross section areas has been adapted to the simulation of the oscillatory flow in Stirling engines for engine design purposes. By utilizing an efficient smoothing algorithm for the area function that preserves the total volume of the tube, it has been possible to achieve a highly accurate and fully conservative numerical scheme. Submodels for wall friction and heat transfer have been added, enabling the simulation of gas heaters, gas coolers, and regenerators. The code has been used for the modeling of an α-type Stirling engine and validated for a range of operating conditions with good results.
Numerical Simulation of Stirling Engines Using an Unsteady Quasi-One-Dimensional Approach
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received May 21, 2014; final manuscript received December 12, 2014; published online February 2, 2015. Assoc. Editor: John Abraham.
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Andersson, N., Eriksson, L., and Nilsson, M. (May 1, 2015). "Numerical Simulation of Stirling Engines Using an Unsteady Quasi-One-Dimensional Approach." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. May 2015; 137(5): 051104. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4029396
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