To characterize cryogenic pump performance, at least one parameter in addition to flow coefficient and cavitation number is required. This parameter arises because the heat of vaporization and other physical parameters change along the saturation line of liquids and results in a thermal effect on cavitation that has been observed and studied by previous researchers over a range of operating conditions and working fluids. These previous efforts have defined both dimensionless and dimensional parameters governing thermal effects in pumps. In the present work, a dimensionless parameter (DB) scaling thermal effects in a cavitating pump across different tip diameters, rotational speeds, and working fluids is derived using a model of bubble growth in a time-varying pressure field. Although the derivation is somewhat different than others have used, the result is similar and in some cases identical to that of others. Careful testing is carried out to experimentally validate this parameter with (deaerated) variable temperature water and with variable pump speed. The results show that within the accuracy of the data, the same head fall-off curve is obtained when either the water temperature or the pump speed is used to set the DBs. This suggests the proposed parameter can thermally scale cryogenic pumping conditions for suction performance when testing in hot water. Also examined is the effect of thermodynamics on inducer cavitation instabilities. The quasi-steady, dynamic environments at the pump inlet are compared in cold and superheated water. The cavitation instabilities of the test inducer are found to be dramatically changed by thermal effects. These findings emphasize the importance of considering both fluid mechanical and thermal scaling when designing a test program to evaluate the suction performance of a cryogenic pump.
A Dimensionless Scaling Parameter for Thermal Effects on Cavitation in Turbopump Inducers
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received December 6, 2013; final manuscript received November 23, 2014; published online January 13, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Satoshi Watanabe.
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Ehrlich, D. A., and Murdock, J. W. (April 1, 2015). "A Dimensionless Scaling Parameter for Thermal Effects on Cavitation in Turbopump Inducers." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. April 2015; 137(4): 041103. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4029260
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