The paper deals with solid particle erosion downstream of a sharp-edged orifice commonly found in many chemical processing industries. The orifice is installed in a pipe that is long enough to ensure fully developed turbulent flow in both upstream and downstream directions. Both the k-ε model and the Lagrangian particle-tracking technique were used for predicting solid particle trajectories. Gambit 2.2 was used to construct the computational grid and the commercial Fluent 12.1 code was used to perform the calculations. The available erosion correlations were used for determination of erosion characteristics considering carbon steel and aluminum pipes. The investigation was carried out for a flow restricting orifice of fixed geometry and pipe flow velocities in the range 1–4 m/s using solid particle of diameters 50–500 μm. The results indicated two critical erosion regions downstream of the orifice: the first is in the immediate neighborhood of the orifice plate and the second is in the flow reattachment zone. The results showed also a strong dependence of erosion on both particle size and flow velocity.
Solid Particle Erosion Downstream of an Orifice
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received February 3, 2014; final manuscript received July 12, 2014; published online September 10, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Francine Battaglia.
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Nemitallah, M. A., Ben-Mansour, R., Habib, M. A., Ahmed, W. H., Toor, I. H., Gasem, Z. M., and Badr, H. M. (September 10, 2014). "Solid Particle Erosion Downstream of an Orifice." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. February 2015; 137(2): 021302. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4028283
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