Passive scalar (temperature) mixing with different orifice geometries is considered at low Reynolds number. The kinetic energy dissipation rate shows that the three jets achieve a self-similar state quickly compared to a nozzle jet. Scalar dissipation evolves faster to the self-preserving state than kinetic energy dissipation and the asymptotic value of the normalized kinetic and scalar dissipation on the jet centerline can be predicted. Taylor and Corrsin microscales start evolving linearly with x/D as early as x/D = 10. Normalized spectra using these length scales continue to evolve for the circular jet and collapse faster for the six-lobe jet, when Rλ reach a constant value. The scaling factor and range for the velocity and the scalar suggest that the scaling region “similar to the inertial range” reaches equilibrium before small scales reach complete equilibrium. The use of multilobe jets promotes the development toward a complete self-preserving state for the scalar field.
Effect of Orifice Geometry on the Development of Slightly Heated Turbulent Jets
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received October 22, 2014; final manuscript received May 19, 2015; published online June 26, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Mark F. Tachie.
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Madjid, S., Amina, S., and Benaissa, A. (November 1, 2015). "Effect of Orifice Geometry on the Development of Slightly Heated Turbulent Jets." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. November 2015; 137(11): 111202. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4030677
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