This study was undertaken to look at the effect of a slight inclination of pipe on upward flow characteristics especially at 10 deg from vertical position. Air-silicone oil flows in a 67 mm diameter pipe have been investigated using a capacitance wire mesh sensor (WMS) and electrical capacitance tomography (ECT). They provide time and cross-sectionally resolved data on void fraction. Superficial gas and liquid velocities of 0.05–1.9 and 0.05–0.5 were studied. Statistical methods and visual observation methods were used to characterize the fluid flows obtained into different flow patterns. From the output results from the tomography instruments, flow patterns were identified using both the reconstructed images as well as the characteristic signatures of Probability density function (PDF) plots of the time series of cross-sectionally averaged void fraction. Bubbly, cap bubble, slug, and churn flows were observed when the pipe was deviated by 10 deg from vertical pipe for the range of superficial gas velocities considered.

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