Most fish share a common geometry, a streamlined anterior body and a deep caudal fin, connected to each other at a tail-base neck, where the body almost shrinks to a point. This work attempts to explain the reason that fish exhibit this type of geometry. Assuming that the fish-like geometry is a result of evolution over millions of years, or, that bodies of modern-day fish have been optimized in some manner as a result of evolution, this work investigates the optimum geometry for a swimming object through existing mathematical optimization techniques to check whether the result obtained is the same as the naturally observed fish-like geometry. In this analysis, the work done by a swimming object is taken as the objective function of the optimization. It is found that a fish-like geometry is in fact obtained mathematically, provided that the appropriate constraints are imposed on the optimization process, which, in turn, provides some clues that explain the reason that fish have a fish-like geometry.
Why do Fish Have a “Fish-Like Geometry”?
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received September 18, 2012; final manuscript received August 1, 2013; published online November 6, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Zhongquan Charlie Zheng.
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Kagemoto, H. (November 6, 2013). "Why do Fish Have a “Fish-Like Geometry”?." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. January 2014; 136(1): 011106. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4025646
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