Reliable computational methods can provide valuable insight into gas–solid flow processes and can be used as a design tool. Of particular interest in this study is the hydrodynamics of a binary mixture of sand–biomass in a fluidized bed. Biomass particulates vary in size, shape, and density, which inevitably alter how well the particles fluidize. Our study will use computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to interpret the hydrodynamic states of a fluidized bed by analyzing the local pressure fluctuations of beds of sand and a binary mixture of cotton stalks and sand over long time periods. Standard deviation of pressure fluctuations will be compared with experimental data to determine different fluidization regimes at inlet gas velocities ranging from two to nine times the minimum fluidization velocity. We will use Bode plots to present the pressure spectra and reveal characteristic frequencies that describe the bed hydrodynamics for different fluidization regimes. This work will present CFD as a useful tool to perform that analysis. Other important contributions include the study of pressure fluctuations of a fluidized bed in bubbling, slugging, and turbulent regimes, and the analysis of a binary mixture using CFD.

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