A new type of severe slugging is found that can occur in two-phase flow of gas and liquid in pipeline-riser systems. This instability, which will be referred to as dual-frequency severe slugging (DFSS), generates a different class of flow oscillations compared to the classical severe slugging cycle, having a dominant single frequency that is commonly found in a pipe downward inclined by a few degrees from the horizontal connected to a vertical riser. The DFSS flow pattern was found in laboratory experiments carried out in a 100 m long, 50.8 mm diameter horizontal pipeline followed by a 15 m high, 50.8 mm diameter vertical riser operating at atmospheric end pressure. The experimental facility also included a 400 liter gas buffer vessel, placed upstream of the pipeline, to obtain extra pipeline compressibility. Air and water were used as the experimental fluids. At constant inflow conditions, we observed a type of severe slugging exhibiting a dual-frequency behavior. The relatively high-frequency fluctuations, which are in the order of 0.01 Hz, are related to the classical severe slugging cycle or to an unstable oscillatory process. The relatively low-frequency fluctuations, which are in the order of 0.001 Hz, are associated with the gradual cyclic transition of the system between two metastable states, i.e., severe slugging and unstable oscillations. Numerical simulations were performed using OLGA, a one-dimensional two-fluid flow model. The numerical model predicts the relatively low-frequency fluctuations associated with the DFSS flow regime. The laboratory experiments and the numerical simulations showed that the evolution of the DFSS is proportional to the length of the pipeline.
Dual-Frequency Severe Slugging in Horizontal Pipeline-Riser Systems
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received February 27, 2012; final manuscript received October 12, 2012; published online November 20, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Mark R. Duignan.
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Malekzadeh, R., Mudde, R. F., and Henkes, R. A. W. M. (November 20, 2012). "Dual-Frequency Severe Slugging in Horizontal Pipeline-Riser Systems." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. December 2012; 134(12): 121301. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007898
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