This paper addresses the rotordynamic instability of an overhung rotor caused by a hydrodynamic moment due to whirling motion through the structural coupling between whirl and precession modes. First, the possibility of instability is discussed based on a vibration model in which the hydrodynamic forces and moments are assumed to be smaller than structural forces with the structural coupling being represented by a structural influence factor. Then, the fundamental characteristics of rotordynamic moment on the backshroud of a Francis turbine runner under whirling motion were studied using model tests and numerical calculations. The runner is modeled by a disk positioned close to a casing with a small radial clearance at the outer periphery. The moment is caused by an inward leakage flow that is produced by an external pump in the model test. The experiments were designed to measure the rotordynamic fluid force moments under various leakage flow rates with various preswirl velocities and various axial clearances between the backshroud and casing. The computation was carried out based on a bulk flow model. It was found that the fluid force moment is generally destabilizing, except for a small region of positive whirling speed ratios.
Rotordynamic Moment on the Backshroud of a Francis Turbine Runner Under Whirling Motion
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Song, B., Horiguchi, H., Ma, Z., and Tsujimoto, Y. (July 8, 2010). "Rotordynamic Moment on the Backshroud of a Francis Turbine Runner Under Whirling Motion." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. July 2010; 132(7): 071102. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4001802
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