The two-step method for optimizing net positive suction head required (NPSHr) of axial-flow pumps is proposed in this paper. First, the NPSHr at the impeller tip is optimized with impeller diameter based on experimental data of 2D cascades in available wind tunnels. Then, it is optimized again with the velocity moment at the impeller outlet, which is expressed in terms of two parameters. The blade geometry is generated and flow details are clarified by using the radial equilibrium equation, actuator disk theory, and 2D vortex element method in the optimizing process. The NPSHr response surface has been established in terms of these two parameters. The results illustrate that the second optimization allows NPSHr to be reduced by 37.5% compared to the first optimization. Therefore, this two-step method is effective and expects to be applied in the axial-flow pump impeller blade design. The simulations of 3D turbulent flow with various cavitation models and related confirming experiments are going to be done in the axial-flow impellers designed with this method.
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NPSHr Optimization of Axial-Flow Pumps
Department of Fluid Machinery,
Lanzhou University of Technology, 287 Langongping Road, 730050 Lanzhou, P.R.C.
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Li, W. (July 22, 2008). "NPSHr Optimization of Axial-Flow Pumps." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. July 2008; 130(7): 074504. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2948368
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