This paper reports an experimental study of the combined effects of rib roughness and pressure gradient on turbulent flows produced in asymmetric converging and diverging channels. Transverse square ribs with pitch-to-height ratio of 4 were attached to the bottom wall of the channel to produce the rib roughness. A particle image velocimetry technique was used to conduct measurements at several streamwise-transverse planes located upstream, within, and downstream of the converging and diverging sections of the channel. From these measurements, the mean velocities and turbulent statistics at the top plane of the ribs and across the channel were obtained. The data revealed non-negligible wall-normal motion and interaction between the cavities and overlying boundary layers. The different drag characteristics of the rough bottom wall and the smooth top wall produced asymmetric distributions of mean velocity and turbulent statistics across the channel. The asymmetry of these profiles is most extreme in the presence of adverse pressure gradient. Because of the manner in which pressure gradient modifies the mean flow and turbulence production, it was found that the streamwise turbulence intensity and Reynolds shear stress in the vicinity of the ribs are lower in the adverse pressure gradient than in the favorable pressure gradient channel. The results show also that the combined effects of rib roughness and adverse pressure gradient on the turbulent intensity statistics are significantly higher than when roughness and adverse pressure gradient are applied in isolation.
PIV Study of Adverse and Favorable Pressure Gradient Turbulent Flows Over Transverse Ribs
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Agelinchaab, M., and Tachie, M. F. (September 23, 2008). "PIV Study of Adverse and Favorable Pressure Gradient Turbulent Flows Over Transverse Ribs." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. November 2008; 130(11): 111305. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2969448
Download citation file: