This paper presents experimental results on the internal flow structure of turbulent spots, and examines the sensitivity of this structure to streamwise acceleration rate and freestream turbulence. Measurements were performed on a flat plate, with two levels of freestream acceleration rate and three levels of freestream turbulence. The turbulent spots were generated artificially at a fixed distance from the test-surface leading edge, and the development of the spot was documented through hotwire measurements at three streamwise locations. The measurements were performed at multiple spanwise locations to allow observation of the three-dimensional spatial structure of the turbulent spot and the temporal evolution of this structure. Analysis of the perturbation velocity and rms velocity fluctuations provides insight into the variations of the streaky streamwise-velocity structure within the turbulent spot, with a focus on the effects of freestream acceleration rate and turbulence level.
An Experimental Study of Artificially-Generated Turbulent Spots Under Strong Favorable Pressure Gradients and Freestream Turbulence
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Yaras, M. I. (September 13, 2006). "An Experimental Study of Artificially-Generated Turbulent Spots Under Strong Favorable Pressure Gradients and Freestream Turbulence." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. May 2007; 129(5): 563–572. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2717608
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