A novel wind-tunnel facility has been designed for measurement of lift and drag on micromachined airfoils. The tunnel is designed to operate with pressures ranging from 0.15 to 1.0 atmosphere, over a velocity range of 30 to 100ms, allowing for independent control of Reynolds and Knudsen number. The tunnel is designed for testing of airfoils with chords of 10 to 100 microns, giving a range of Reynolds numbers from 10 to 600, with Knudsen numbers reaching 0.01. Due to the structural constraints of the airfoils being tested, the wind tunnel has a 1cm cross-section. This small size allows the use of a 100-1 contraction area, and extremely fine turbulence screens, creating a low turbulence facility. Computational fluid dynamics is used to show that an ultra-short 100-1 contraction provides uniform flow without separation, or corner vortices. Velocity data obtained with impact and hot-wire probes indicate uniform flow and turbulence intensities below 0.5%.

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