The flow characteristics in the blade passage and in the wake region of a low-speed axial flow fan have been investigated by experimental analysis using a rotating hot-wire sensor and a five-hole probe for design and off-design operating conditions. The results show that the tip leakage vortex is moved upstream when the flow rate is decreased, thus disturbing the formation of wake flow near the rotor tip. That is, the tip leakage vortex interfaces with the blade suction surface and results in high velocity fluctuation near the blade suction surface. From axial velocity distributions downstream of the fan rotor, large axial velocity decay near the rotor tip is observed at near-stall condition, which results in a large blockage compared to that at the design condition. Finally, the wake flow downstream of the rotor blade is clearly measured at the design and off-design conditions. However, the trough of the high velocity fluctuation due to Karmann vortex street in the wake flow is observed at a higher flow condition than the design flow rate.
Experimental Analysis on Tip Leakage and Wake Flow in an Axial Flow Fan According to Flow Rates
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Jang, C., Sato, D., and Fukano, T. (October 16, 2004). "Experimental Analysis on Tip Leakage and Wake Flow in an Axial Flow Fan According to Flow Rates." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. March 2005; 127(2): 322–329. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1881695
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