The oscillatory free-surface displacement in an orifice periodically driven at the inlet is studied. The predictions based on a potential flow analysis are investigated in light of viscous and large curvature effects. Viscous effects near the wall are estimated, as are surface viscous energy loss rates. The curvature effect on the modal frequency is shown to become large at the higher modal surface shapes. Experimental results are obtained using water for two orifice diameters, 794 and 1180 μm. Results of surface shapes and modal frequencies are compared to the predictions. Although modal shapes seem to be well predicted by the theory, the experimental results show a significant shift of the associated modal frequencies. A higher-order approximation of the surface curvature is presented, which shows that the modal frequency should, in fact, be reduced from potential flow predictions as is consistent with the large curvature effect. To account for the effect of finite surface displacements an empirical correlation for the modal frequencies is presented.
Oscillatory Free Surface Displacement of Finite Amplitude in a Small Orifice
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division February 8, 2003; revised manuscript received March 23, 2004. Associate Editor: J. S. Marshall.
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Daniels , B. J., and Liburdy, J. A. (December 7, 2004). "Oscillatory Free Surface Displacement of Finite Amplitude in a Small Orifice ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. September 2004; 126(5): 818–826. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1789525
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