This paper presents an experimental study of local liquid velocity measurement in downward air-water bubbly and slug flows in a 50.8 mm inner-diameter round pipe. The axial liquid velocity and its fluctuations were measured by a laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) system. It was found that the maximum liquid velocity in a downward two-phase flow could occur off the pipe centerline at relatively low liquid flow rates and this observation is consistent with other researchers’ results. The comparisons between the liquid flow rates measured by a magnetic flow meter and those obtained from the local LDA and multi-sensor conductivity probe measurements showed good agreement. In addition, based on the local measurements the distribution parameter and the drift velocity in the drift-flux model were obtained for the current downward flow tests.
Local Liquid Velocity in Vertical Air-Water Downward Flow
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division May 27, 2003; revised manuscript received July 15, 2003. Associate Editor: J. Katz.
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Sun, X., Paranjape , S., Kim, S., Goda, H., Ishii, M., and Kelly, J. M. (September 10, 2004). "Local Liquid Velocity in Vertical Air-Water Downward Flow ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. July 2004; 126(4): 539–545. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1777235
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