The effects of surface roughness on the aerodynamic performance of turbine airfoils are investigated with different inlet turbulence intensity levels of 0.9%, 5.5% and 16.2%. Three symmetric airfoils, each with the same shape and exterior dimensions, are employed with different rough surfaces. The nonuniform, irregular, 3-D roughness is characterized using the equivalent sand grain roughness size. Mach numbers along the airfoil range from 0.4 to 0.7. Chord Reynolds numbers based on inlet and exit flow conditions are and respectively. The contributions of varying surface roughness and turbulence intensity level to aerodynamic losses, Mach number profiles, normalized kinetic energy profiles, and Integrated Aerodynamics Losses (IAL) are quantified. Results show that effects of changing the surface roughness condition on IAL values are substantial, whereas the effects of different inlet turbulence intensity levels are generally relatively small.
Effects of Surface Roughness and Turbulence Intensity on the Aerodynamic Losses Produced by the Suction Surface of a Simulated Turbine Airfoil
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division May 6, 2003; revised manuscript received October 30, 2003. Associate Editor: W. W. Copenhaver.
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Zhang, Q., Lee, S. W., and Ligrani, P. M. (May 3, 2004). "Effects of Surface Roughness and Turbulence Intensity on the Aerodynamic Losses Produced by the Suction Surface of a Simulated Turbine Airfoil ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. March 2004; 126(2): 257–265. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1667886
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